espresso vs drip coffee
It has been the most arguable discussion in the history of coffee. Often, many people are not aware of the common differences between espresso and drip coffee. Let us look into each type of coffee to get a clear view.
The heart of the espresso coffee lies in its beans. The coffee beans used in espresso are generally of the Arabica coffee bean varietal along with few espresso blends that add to Robusta coffee beans to impart few specific qualities.
Robusta beans contain more caffeine content than Arabica beans and thus create a stronger crema. Generally, the espresso beans are given a gentle, dark roast instead of a light roast. Due to the very high concentration of aromatic coffee flavoring beans, espresso has a thick consistency.
Accurate pressure and proper brewing temperature lead to appropriate pulling of the espresso. The hot water is forced through the pressurized extraction by the espresso machine, upon a compressed layer of roasted, ground coffee.
The grind size used for a steam-driven espresso must be finer than compared to that of a pump-driven espresso maker. This is because a steam-driven machine spawns less pressure. The coffee beans have to be stored in room temperature and conditions and roasted thoroughly for freshness.
The simple steps to create a perfect cup of espresso involve:
· Pre-warming the demitasse:
The initial step is to pre-warm the demitasse so one can pour the espresso shot into it.
· Preparation of the coffee:
This step includes processing of your coffee beans and roasted them to light brown color.
· Fine grinding of the beans: The gourmet has to be ground using a burr grinder before using. The customers most often prefer conical burr grinders.
· Warming the espresso Porta-filter: The machine’s Porta-filter has to be warmed by running it under a tap of hot water. Few automatic machines can heat the Porta-filter internally.
· Proper positioning of the demitasse:
To pull a proper espresso shot, one needs to pour directly from the pour spout into the demitasse.
· Filling up the Porta-filter and tamp: With the help of the tamper, gently push down the coffee grounds.
· Initializing brewing process: After clamping the Porta-filter to the machine and positioning the demitasse, press the brew button, and begin the process.
· Aiming for optimal brewing time: Generally, the espresso brewing time is of 22 seconds, but the actual time varies with regards to specific factors. The grind shouldn’t be either too fine or too coarse. Do not brew your espresso for too long as it might lose its aromatic flavors and cause bitterness.
An espresso contains a very fine and thin layer of emulsified oil. It is known as the ‘crema’ and is responsible for the added sweetness of the espresso shot. This crema helps to maintain the intensity of the espresso. The espresso’s crema is prepared by a combination of carbon dioxide and air liquefied under very high pressures.
As the espresso undergoes a lot of pressure variations, it can retain the flavors when blended into various coffee drinks such as Café Latte, Cappuccino, Café Mocha, and many others.
Drip coffee is a method of brewing coffee by pouring hot water over a fresh layer of roasted, ground coffee beans enclosed within a filter. A set of perfect measurements of time and quantity, grind size, water temperature, and brewing time goes into the making of drip coffee.
The water is one of the essential quantities for drip coffee. Distilled water is always preferred over tap water since the latter contains a lot of minerals compared to the former. It is always a good notion to filter your water right before brewing while making sure that not too many minerals are lost in the process. Bottled water or spring water are few of the other alternatives to distilled water.
On a decent burr grinder, the grind size is always mentioned. If the grind is finer, water tends to pass slowly over the grounds, if the grind is coarse and the water passes way too fast. Either way, it leads to under-extraction and ends up with a cup of bitter coffee. It is important to note that the longer the extraction time, the stronger is the coffee under particular temperatures.
If you use a non-paper filter, soluble solids tend to surpass through the filter paper if the grind is too fine. Longer brewing time exaggerates the over-extraction troubles. Contrarily, under-extraction leads to a flat coffee. It lacks in good aroma and caffeine.
For brewing a drip coffee, the brewing temperature is the crucial element. The ideal temperature must be maintained between 195 and 205 degrees Fahrenheit. An automatic drip maker can control the measuring and timing tasks. They require very less manual operations.
The paper filters are used to retain any soluble solids in your coffee and thus provide you with a clear cup of freshly brewed coffee. The type of filter used in drip brewing determines the taste and body of your coffee. Mesh filters are often replaced with traditional paper filters as the latter are dense and retain all the essential oils and flatten the coffee taste.
The brewing time determines the amount of time that the coffee needs to stay immersed in water. While making a drip coffee, the brewing time is around 5 minutes. If the coffee machine drips quickly, an under-extracted cup is obtained. If the water temperature is low, the steeping time has to be longer than usual.
· Espresso is a blend of various coffee beans. These beans are roasted till they have an oily look and dark roasted.
· The beans in espresso are grounded finely than compared to drip coffee. The beans in drip coffee are ground more coarsely.
· The process of making drip coffee take much longer than espresso as it is made by slowing dripping boiling water over the grind. The hot water is in contact with the grounded coffee for a longer time.
Any type of coffee is best effective when consumed immediately after preparation. If your coffee has been standing for a while, it is highly possible for it to lose all the flavors and aroma. Hence, the best cup of coffee is fresh coffee